PACRR

Provider Attitudes toward Cardiac Rehabilitation and Referral
(by provider we mean any regulated healthcare professionals that treat patients indicated for cardiac rehab and that are eligible to refer patients; e.g., physicians, advanced practice nurses)

Find it here:
Ghisi, G.L.M., & Grace, S.L. (2019). Validation of the Provider Attitudes toward Cardiac Rehabilitation & Referral (PACRR) scale. Heart, Lung & Circulation;28(8):1218-1224.
AAM version of the full-text available here: http://hdl.handle.net/10315/38289
PACRR Scale (Eng.)     PACRR Scoring

We welcome requests to administer this scale; Kindly email me (sgrace@yorku.ca). Please cite the above when using it. I am happy to help too (including efforts to mitigate identified clinician-level barriers), as requested.

Translations

PACRR - Chinese (courtesy Yun-Mei DING, School of Nursing, Qingdao University; link to validation publication forthcoming).

Brazilian-Portuguese translation is also underway.

If you wish to translate the scale to another language: There may be translations available or others working on translations, and I could put you in touch. If not, there are best practices for translation, cross-cultural adaptation and validation that should be used; I could point you to some resources if requested. Ultimately, I could post your translation to this website as well, giving you credit if you agree, in case others wish to use and cite it.

Other PACRR Citations

  1. Grace SL, Evindar A, Abramson BL, Stewart DE. Physician management preferences for cardiac patients: factors affecting referral to cardiac
    rehabilitation. Can J Cardiol 2004;20:1101–7.
  2. Grace SL, Grewal K, Stewart DE. Factors affecting cardiac rehabilitation referral by physician specialty. J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 2008;28:248–52.
  3. Grace SL, Gravely-Witte S, Brual J, Monette G, Suskin N, Higginson L, et al. Contribution of patient and physician factors to CR referral: a prospective multi-level study. Nat Clin Pract Cardiovasc Med 2008;5:653–62.
  4. Grace SL, Gravely-Witte S, Brual J, Monette G, Suskin N, Higginson L, et al. Contribution of patient and physician factors to cardiac rehabilitation enrollment: a prospective multilevel study. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 2008;15:548–56.
  5. Cuenza LR, Gacrama EN, Tan K, Quito BJ & Ebba E. (2016). Physician factors affecting cardiac rehabilitation referral among cardiac specialists: The Philippine Heart Center CRAVE study. J Clin Prev Cardiol; 5:44-50.
  6. Okeowo, A., & Spencer, G. (2020). Implementing an educational program to increase referral rates to cardiac rehabilitation. Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association Annual Symposium. 2020-815-Poster.pdf (pcna.net)